What is Insurance? Learn About Types of insurance

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What is Insurance?

Insurance (cover) are often understood because the method of reimbursement or protecting a private from risk of losses through money, in exchange for little and regular payments to the insuring body or Insurance (cover) firm .

Insurance (cover) may be a legal agreement between two parties i.e. the Insurance (cover) firm (insurer) and therefore the individual (insured)

Insurance (cover) may be a means of protection from loss . Insurance is a sort of risk management, primarily wont to hedge cover against the danger of a contingent or uncertain loss.

Insurance (cover) may be a contract, represented by a policy, during which a private or entity receives financial protection or reimbursement against losses from an Insurance (cover) firm .

Types of Insurance

Insurance (cover) are often broadly divided into below categories:

Life Insurance (cover):

This is quite Insurance (cover) an individual can purchase through life assurance certificate. The Insurance (cover) generally brought for a particular period till which the customer pays to Insurance (cover) firm specific amount called premium. Upon completion of said period the Insurance (cover) firm pays back to buyer total money paid by him / her with specific amount of rate of interest .

The modern world is filled with uncertainties. By keeping the interest of your dependents in mind, it’s only knowing avail life assurance to secure their future financially. you’ll provide for your family even once you aren’t around.

However, just in case of buyer’s death during this era the cash pays back to kith and kin of the person by Insurance (cover) firm .

The 6 Best Whole life assurance Policies of 2020

  • New York Life: Best Overall
  • Northwestern Mutual: Best for Dividends
  • State Farm: Best for Bundling
  • Mass Mutual: Best for Cash Values
  • Guardian Life: Best for Estate Planning
  • Mutual of Omaha: Best for Child life assurance

Health Insurance

Health Insurance (cover) is bought to hide medical costs for expensive treatments. differing types of Insurance (cover) policies cover an array of diseases and ailments. you’ll buy a generic Insurance (cover) policy also as policies for specific diseases. The premium paid towards a Insurance (cover) policy usually covers treatment, hospitalization and drugs costs.

Auto Insurance

Auto Insurance (cover) protects the policyholder against loss within the event of an event involving a vehicle they own, like during a traffic collision.

Coverage typically includes:

  • Property coverage, for damage to or theft of the car or bike
  • Liability coverage, for the liability to others for body injury or property damage
  • Medical coverage, for the value of treating injuries, rehabilitation and sometimes lost wages and funeral expenses

Medical Insurance

Also called mediclaim, during this quite Insurance (cover) an individual pays premiums to Insurance (cover) firm on year to year basis. just in case of any sickness etc the Insurance (cover) firm bears the value of treatment for the person’s health. Mediclaim are often purchased for one person also as for entire family together.

Corona Kavach: Specifically designed to guard you and your family from COVID-19 related expenses, the Corona Kavach policy offers various features, like coverage for home treatment, hospitalization coverage from Rs. 50,000 and up to Rs. 5,00,000,  and coverage for AYUSH treatments. The plan offers flexible policy period of three .5, 6.5 and 9.5 months

Child Insurance

As a parent, kids are the foremost important part of your lives. Investing and saving for your children’s future is taken into account one among the foremost important financial goals by parents in India in their overall financial planning. Child Insurance (cover) plans confirm all the longer term needs of your child are met in your absence.

Property Insurance

One sort of policy—that for many people is really mandatory once you have a mortgage—is homeowner’s Insurance (cover). If you borrow money from the bank to get a home, they’re going to require the asset to be insured. for several people, this premium is made into the mortgage payment. for several people, their house is their greatest asset, so it’s vital to guard it adequately.

Home Insurance

Home Insurance (cover) is an appointment during which the corporate company undertake a guaranty for loss arising from insurance property, its contents, loss of use, and another thing in personal possession within the insured property.

Eligibility for Home Insurance

1. just in case of individual must be resident in India and he must be owner of the property or he’s residing within the property.

2. just in case of society, he must be member of society managing committee.

Insurance (cover) Policy Components

The core components that structure most Insurance (cover) policies are the deductible, policy limit, and premium.


A policy’s premium is its price, typically expressed as a monthly cost. The premium is decided by the insurer supported your or your business’s risk profile, which can include creditworthiness.

Policy Limit

The policy limit is that the maximum amount of insurance (cover) can pay under a policy for insurance covered loss. Maximums could also be set per period (e.g., annual or policy term), per loss or injury, or also referred to as the lifetime maximum.


The deductible may be a certain amount the policy-holder must pay out-of-pocket before the insurance pays a claim. Deductibles function as deterrents to large volumes of small and insignificant insurance claims.

What are the tax benefits on Insurance?

Apart from the security and security benefits of shopping for Insurance (cover), there also are the tax benefits that you simply can avail.

Insurance (cover) premium of up to ₹1.5 lakh are often claimed as a tax-saving deduction under Section 80C
Medical Insurance premium of up to ₹25,000 for yourself and your family and ₹25,000 for your parents are often claimed as a tax-saving deduction under Section 80D

These Insurance claims need to be made at the time of e-filing tax returns.


life Insurance (cover), Insurance (cover) , Property Insurance (cover), Medical Insurance (cover), general Insurance (cover), child Insurance (cover), Home Insurance (cover), you’ll buy an policy offline also as online. a bit like there are Insurance (cover) agents who will assist you buy a policy, there are websites also that you simply can purchase a policy from.